Interior Design Basics: The Principle of Designing Homes
Many people refer to interior design as an art—and rightfully so. A well decorated house not only beautifies the space, but it communicates the personality of the homeowner. The art of interior design goes beyond merely throwing things together in a space. Rather, careful planning must take place before any form of arranging or painting happens.
Are you looking to design your home but aren’t sure where to start? Read through this article as we take you through the basic principles of interior design. You might just realize you don’t need to hire a professional for the job because that’s exactly what you will be—an interior designing pro!
Let’s get started.
What is Interior Design?
It’s necessary to start off by explaining what exactly the concept entails so you get a better understanding of the process.
As the name suggests, interior design is basically the art of designing an inside of a room or building. This is done through the manipulation of available space by incorporating decorative items in relation to the architecture and environment.
As you can see, the concept is broad as it draws on various aspects with the aim of creating visual appeal. Because the process takes a degree of knowledge and expertise, interior design is considered a profession in its own right. And people who specialize in the field of interior design are known as interior designers.
What is an Interior Designer?
Interior designers are responsible for turning a space into a beautiful, safe and functional area.
Granted, homeowners may have a few ideas of how they want their homes to look, but interior designers effectively refine the direction the design will take. Using their experience and creative flair, their job is to ensure the homeowners’ vision comes to life.
And now for the basic principles of home designing.
Basic Principles of Design
Unity is Crucial
The first step when designing your home is to view it in totality. Yes, it has different rooms and spaces separated by walls & halls, but it’s basically one space.
And as such your home must have one common theme running throughout the spaces. Not to say your rooms must be exactly the same, but your spaces must complement each other. Simply put; all rooms must exude your personality.
Pick a Color Theme
The color theme you pick can either make or break your interior design vision. In line with the point mentioned above, we recommend that you pick a color theme that you’re going to use throughout your home.
The easiest and most practical way is to pick at least four colors that you can use interchangeably throughout your home. If you prefer, you can use two of your main favorite colors on your bigger furniture pieces or wall paint of your living and dining room space. After that you can include a touch of the remaining two colors on accessories such as scatter cushions.
From the secondary colors, you can use one of each as the main colors in your bedrooms. This way your entire house is coordinated.
Remember that the color you pick will affect a number of factors including your mood and the general ambience of a room.
Establishing a Balance
As mentioned earlier, interior design has less to do with randomly placing objects and much more with establishing a balance throughout your home. In interior design, balance is interpreted as the manner in which a person scans a room in response to the physical representations of the space.
You can pick one of the following three styles of balance, depending on your preferred decor style:
- Symmetrical balance: Are you a fan of traditional interior design methods? Then you might consider creating symmetrical balance which is reminiscent of traditional interiors. In this case, you place similar objects in the same positions in every room—be it a mirror or plant.
- Asymmetrical balance: The modern homeowner usually prefers creating asymmetrical balance which is more casual. Here the beauty of a room is enhanced through the use of dissimilar objects that still command the same eye attraction.
- Radial symmetry: If you’re a bit more daring or avant-garde, you can employ radial symmetry. Here you incorporate your design elements around a central point such as a spiral stairway.
Create a Focal Point
Spice things up by creating a focal point. A focal point is designed to immediately draw someone’s attention. Depending on the size of the room, you can even have more than one focal point.
When a person enters your home, what immediately catches his or her attention? Is it the staircase or console table in the hallway? If you have a staircase, you can add family photo frames on the side of the walls leading all the way up. Alternatively, you can include attractive decorative pieces on your console table or a large mirror. That will definitely captivate someone’s attention.
Moving on to the living room area, the focal point could either be your TV area or fireplace. Include an attractive wall feature where your TV set is located to encourage the person’s gaze to linger a little longer.
But regardless of the focal point you pick, make sure that the style and theme complement the rest of your home. No use having a floral wall feature that resembles traditional decor when the rest of your home gives off a modern feel. Rather pick a simple but sophisticated pattern that’s in line with your modern theme. A 3D wall feature is a good example of a simple but modern design.
Which Rhythm Does Your Home Portray?
Interior design is all about the viewer’s perception based on the visual pattern they see. So, make it worth their while. You want your home to have a certain rhythm that encourages the eye to move from one area of the room to the next with ease.
This is achieved by incorporating the following:
- Repetition: Here you use the same design element multiple times in one space. You can either decide to repeat a specific color or texture throughout the room.
- Progression: Incorporating different sizes of certain pieces is a common trait in modern home design. This can be achieved by positioning either candles or cushions of different sizes. There’s a certain visual appeal associated with this design that allows the eye to progress from one feature to the next.
- Transition: You also want the eye to easily transition from one design feature to the next. Such an effect can easily be achieved by incorporating curved lines or arched doorways.
- Contrast: Contrast is the opposite of monotone. Using contrasting items is sure to liven up any space when done right. You can decide to contrast two colors, such as using black and white throws on your couch. Alternatively, you can contrast two shapes by using round and square cushions together. The trick is not to overdo it by incorporating too many contrasting items in one place.
Pay Attention to Detail
When it comes to interior designing, all details matter. Whether it’s the piping on the cushion or the color of the vase, it contributes to the home’s overall look. Make sure you focus on the intricate details of every piece in your home to ensure it complements the rest of your home:
- Furniture: Does the furniture compliment the design of the room? Make sure the pieces you pick are neither too big nor small for the area. If you’re looking to design a home with a traditional feel, be sure to incorporate traditional furniture pieces such as a crystal chandelier or oriental rug.
- Lighting: Pay attention to the lighting in the room as it affects the general ambience. Will you be using direct or recessed lighting? The lighting you pick will depend on the room. For your TV room, you want direct lighting from a lamp that instantly brightens the room. Use accent lighting if you want to enhance certain textures and colors in a space.
- Texture: Too much of everything is never ideal in interior design. This means you must avoid including too many shiny or smooth items. Simply because you’re a fan of shiny objects doesn’t mean that you have to have a glossy feature in every corner in a room. Variety is important to keep things interesting and balanced.
- Patterns: Pay attention to the patterns you’ve included in your home; from the print on the curtains to those on your wall paper. You can pick between stripes, florals and plaids. Just be sure not to mix all sorts of patterns in one place. Neither should you include stripes in every room simply because you adore them. You don’t want your space to look busy; less is more.
Did you find this article useful? We’re certain by incorporating these tips, your home will be the envy of many.
If you don’t know where to start, look for some inspiration. Watch a few lifestyle programs or read a few home designing magazines. Alternatively, you can scan home design styles online.
But regardless of the design that appeals to you the most, be sure to stay true to your individual style. Don’t get carried away by the trends.
With that said; are you ready to start designing your home?